Looking for a Diabetes Nutritionist near me? The below article will discuss how a Nutritionist can help manage your Diabetes as part of a wider management plan.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disorder characterised by an inability to properly transport and metabolise glucose. Diabetes UK estimates that 1 in 15 people in the UK have diabetes. It is estimated there are 4.7 million people in the UK diagnosed with Diabetes. Shockingly with someone being diagnosed every 2 minutes. Diabetes can cause serious long-term health problems such as kidney failure, strokes, heart attacks, blindness and lower limb amputation. There are 2 main types (type 1 and 2).
Diabetes Type 1 (insulin dependent)
Type 1 develops when the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas stop producing any insulin. Typically the age of onset is younger than 40 years old and type 1 is less than 10% of all diabetics. Everyone with Type 1 needs to treat their diabetes by injecting insulin or using an insulin pump. Without insulin the body breaks down its own fat and muscle, which can lead to dramatic weight loss. This may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis where the bloodstream becomes acidic and the body severely dehydrated. Therefore, a balanced diet to control your blood glucose levels. So stop smoking and increase exercise are recommended for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Diabetes Type 2
Type 2 Diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin but it’s not able to regulate it properly. The beta cells in the pancreas become exhausted and overworked for some reason don’t produce enough insulin or receptors simply no longer react to the insulin, causing the body to become ‘insulin resistant’. Typically the age of onset is older than 40 years old and type 2 is more than 90% of all diabetics. Risk factors include obesity and family history. Type 2 diabetes is preventable and indeed curable. It is possible to manage diabetes type 2 with a healthy diet, regular physical activity and weight loss. However 25% of type 2 diabetics will end up taking insulin. The number of diabetics is rising rapidly due to unhealthy diets, increasing levels of obesity, lack of exercise.
With Diabetes type 2 you may not experience symptoms however you will see high levels of glucose on your routine blood tests. However if you have symptoms these may include increased thirst, increased urination and fatigue. Furthermore, blurred vision, candida, impotence and numbness or burning sensations in your extremities.
What Foods Should Diabetics Avoid?
Avoid refined and processed foods like white flour products, sweets, chocolate, honey and cakes. Moreover, fruit juice and any fizzy drinks also should be avoided. Furthermore alcohol, fatty meats and dairy should be reduced.
What Foods can Diabetics Eat Freely?
Fibrous vegetables, plenty of salad greens and lean protein like chickpeas, lentils, beans and fish. Complex carbohydrates like quinoa, brown rice and rolled oats. For meals and snacks always try to have some fat and protein and carbohydrates (not just carbohydrates).
What are Good Carbs for Diabetes?
Complex carbohydrates are the best as they keep you full for longer and keep your blood sugar levels steady. Foods that mostly contain simple carbohydrates like pastries, packaged biscuits, fizzy drinks provide an instant source of energy. However they are digested quickly and will spike your blood sugar levels. After that you will experience the post sugar (or carb) crash and feel hungry again shortly afterwards. Conversely, complex carbs take longer to digest so they release sugar more slowly to help us feel fuller for longer.
How can a Nutritionist Help with Diabetes?
The foods we consume play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes. We have control over this, so it makes sense that by regulating our nutritional imbalances we can control our blood glucose levels. A nutritionist will give a personalised nutritional plan to reduce insulin sensitivity taking into account lifestyle factors. This is not to say you can never eat sugars again but it is important moderate these and find healthy alternatives. In addition to dietary strategies a nutritionist may also support you with supplement recommendations.
Diabetes Nutritionist Near Me
Stress and Type 2 Diabetes
Stress stimulates the release of various hormones, which can result in elevated blood glucose levels. It is a normal response however for people with Diabetes as a result of the relative or absolute lack of insulin, stress-induced increases in glucose cannot be metabolised properly (Surwit et al 1992). Stress is therefore considered to be a contributing factor to Diabetes. Stress management strategies should be incorporated into a wider Diabetes management plan.
Sleep and Diabetes
Sleep is important for regulating many physiologic functions that relate to metabolism. Because of this, there is substantial evidence to suggest that sleep habits and sleep disorders are related to diabetes risk. Sleep duration, poor sleep quality, insomnia and sleep apnea. These have all been associated with diabetes risk (Grandner 2016). Therefore good sleep hygiene is important and addressing the causes for poor sleep like unhealthy food intake. Along with smoking, lack of exercise, alcohol and caffiene use can be beneficial.
Can Pilates Exercise Help to Reduce Diabetes Type 2?
Persistent inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as diabetes type 2. Physical activity represents a natural, strong anti inflammatory strategy with minor side effects and should be integrated in the management of patients with diabetes type 2 (Pedersen 2017). Also, regular exercise has a positive impact on insulin sensitivity and blood glucose regulation. Pilates is a great form of low impact exercise focussed on meaningful movement, muscular stretching and strengthening. It is a great form of exercise to use as part of a wider diabetes management plan to help reduce low grade inflammation and help control your blood sugar and insulin levels. Pilates has multiple benefits, it helps improves your mood as physical activity causes endorphins to be released and causes a positive feeling in the body. You will leave sessions feeling less stressed and anxious. Interested? Book a Pilates consultation now.
Diabetes Nutritionist Near me
At Wellthy Clinic we offer Nutritionist, Osteopathy and Pilates sessions as an integrative approach to help control your blood sugar and insulin levels. We offer a 15 minute free nutritionist consultation to discuss your symptoms and answer any questions you may have. Please email email@example.com to arrange an appointment.
Diabetes Nutritionist Near me References
American Diabetes Association (2013) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2013 https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/36/Supplement_1/S11
Gray, A. & Threlkeld, R. (2019) Nutritional Recommendations for Individuals with Diabetes Endotext https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279012/#
Pedersen (2017) Anti inflammatory effects of exercise: role in diabetes and cardiovascular disease European Journal of Clinical Investigation https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/eci.12781
Surwit et al (1992) Stress and Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Care https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1425110/